Biografi Ronal Reagen

Ronald Reagan At the end of his two terms in office, Ronald Reagan viewed with satisfaction the achievements of his innovative program known as the Reagan Revolution, which aimed to reinvigorate the American people and reduce their reliance upon Government. Pada akhir dua istilah di kantor, Ronald Reagan dilihat dengan kepuasan prestasi dari program inovatif yang dikenal sebagai Revolusi Reagan, yang bertujuan untuk menghidupkan kembali orang-orang Amerika dan mengurangi ketergantungan mereka pada Pemerintah. He felt he had fulfilled his campaign pledge of 1980 to restore “the great, confident roar of American progress and growth and optimism.” Dia merasa dia telah memenuhi janji kampanyenya tahun 1980 untuk mengembalikan “deru, besar yakin kemajuan Amerika dan pertumbuhan dan optimisme.” On February 6, 1911, Ronald Wilson Reagan was born to Nelle and John Reagan in Tampico, Illinois. Pada tanggal 6 Februari 1911, Ronald Wilson Reagan dilahirkan Nelle dan John Reagan di Tampico, Illinois. He attended high school in nearby Dixon and then worked his way through Eureka College. Ia menjalani pendidikan tinggi di Dixon terdekat dan kemudian bekerja perjalanan melalui Eureka College. There, he studied economics and sociology, played on the football team, and acted in school plays. Di sana, dia belajar ekonomi dan sosiologi, bermain dalam tim sepak bola, dan bertindak dalam drama sekolah. Upon graduation, he became a radio sports announcer. Setelah lulus, ia menjadi penyiar radio olahraga. A screen test in 1937 won him a contract in Hollywood. A screen test pada tahun 1937 memenangi kontrak di Hollywood. During the next two decades he appeared in 53 films. Selama dua dekade berikutnya ia muncul di 53 film. From his first marriage to actress Jane Wyman, he had two children, Maureen and Michael. Dari pernikahan pertamanya dengan aktris Jane Wyman, ia memiliki dua anak, Maureen dan Michael. Maureen passed away in 2001. Maureen meninggal pada tahun 2001. In 1952 he married Nancy Davis, who was also an actress, and they had two children, Patricia Ann and Ronald Prescott. Pada tahun 1952 ia menikahi Nancy Davis, yang juga aktris, dan memiliki dua anak, Patricia Ann dan Ronald Prescott. As president of the Screen Actors Guild, Reagan became embroiled in disputes over the issue of Communism in the film industry; his political views shifted from liberal to conservative. Sebagai presiden dari Screen Actors Guild, Reagan menjadi terlibat dalam perselisihan atas isu komunisme di industri film; pandangan politik beralih dari liberal ke konservatif. He toured the country as a television host, becoming a spokesman for conservatism. Dia berkeliling ke seluruh negara sebagai pembawa acara televisi, menjadi juru bicara untuk konservatisme. In 1966 he was elected Governor of California by a margin of a million votes; he was re-elected in 1970. Pada tahun 1966 ia terpilih sebagai Gubernur California dengan selisih satu juta suara, ia terpilih kembali pada tahun 1970. Ronald Reagan won the Republican Presidential nomination in 1980 and chose as his running mate former Texas Congressman and United Nations Ambassador George Bush. Ronald Reagan memenangkan nominasi Partai Republik Presiden pada tahun 1980 dan memilih sebagai pasangannya mantan anggota Kongres Texas dan Duta Besar PBB George Bush. Voters troubled by inflation and by the year-long confinement of Americans in Iran swept the Republican ticket into office. Pemilih bermasalah oleh inflasi dan oleh kekangan tahun-panjang Amerika di Iran menyapu Republik tiket ke kantor. Reagan won 489 electoral votes to 49 for President Jimmy Carter. Reagan memenangi 489 suara pemilihan untuk 49 untuk Presiden Jimmy Carter. On January 20, 1981, Reagan took office. Pada tanggal 20 Januari 1981, Reagan menjabat. Only 69 days later he was shot by a would-be assassin, but quickly recovered and returned to duty. Hanya 69 hari kemudian ia ditembak oleh seorang calon pembunuh, tapi dengan cepat pulih dan kembali bertugas. His grace and wit during the dangerous incident caused his popularity to soar. rahmat-Nya dan kecerdasan dalam insiden berbahaya disebabkan popularitasnya melambung. Dealing skillfully with Congress, Reagan obtained legislation to stimulate economic growth, curb inflation, increase employment, and strengthen national defense. Menangani terampil dengan Kongres, Reagan memperoleh undang-undang untuk merangsang pertumbuhan ekonomi, menekan inflasi, peningkatan lapangan kerja, dan memperkuat pertahanan nasional. He embarked upon a course of cutting taxes and Government expenditures, refusing to deviate from it when the strengthening of defense forces led to a large deficit. Dia memulai pada suatu program pemotongan pajak dan pengeluaran Pemerintah, menolak untuk menyimpang dari itu ketika memperkuat pasukan pertahanan menyebabkan defisit yang besar. A renewal of national self-confidence by 1984 helped Reagan and Bush win a second term with an unprecedented number of electoral votes. Sebuah pembaruan kepercayaan diri nasional oleh 1.984 membantu Reagan dan Bush memenangkan masa jabatan kedua dengan jumlah suara pemilu belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya. Their victory turned away Democratic challengers Walter F. Mondale and Geraldine Ferraro. kemenangan mereka berpaling penantang Demokrat Walter Mondale dan Geraldine F. Ferraro. In 1986 Reagan obtained an overhaul of the income tax code, which eliminated many deductions and exempted millions of people with low incomes. Pada 1986 Reagan memperoleh perbaikan kode pajak penghasilan, yang dieliminasi banyak pemotongan dan dibebaskan jutaan orang dengan pendapatan rendah. At the end of his administration, the Nation was enjoying its longest recorded period of peacetime prosperity without recession or depression. Pada akhir pemerintahannya, Bangsa telah menikmati periode terpanjang yang tercatat pada kemakmuran masa damai tanpa resesi atau depresi. In foreign policy, Reagan sought to achieve “peace through strength.” Dalam kebijakan luar negeri, Reagan berusaha untuk mencapai “perdamaian melalui kekuatan.” During his two terms he increased defense spending 35 percent, but sought to improve relations with the Soviet Union. Selama dua istilah dia menambah anggaran pertahanan 35 persen, tetapi berusaha untuk memperbaiki hubungan dengan Uni Soviet. In dramatic meetings with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, he negotiated a treaty that would eliminate intermediate-range nuclear missiles. Dalam pertemuan dramatis dengan pemimpin Soviet Mikhail Gorbachev, ia merundingkan sebuah perjanjian yang akan menghapuskan rudal nuklir jarak menengah. Reagan declared war against international terrorism, sending American bombers against Libya after evidence came out that Libya was involved in an attack on American soldiers in a West Berlin nightclub. Reagan mendeklarasikan perang melawan terorisme internasional, mengirim pembom Amerika terhadap Libya setelah keluar bukti bahwa Libya terlibat dalam serangan terhadap tentara Amerika di sebuah kelab malam Berlin Barat. By ordering naval escorts in the Persian Gulf, he maintained the free flow of oil during the Iran-Iraq war. Dengan memesan escort laut di Teluk Persia, ia mempertahankan arus bebas minyak selama perang Iran-Irak. In keeping with the Reagan Doctrine, he gave support to anti-Communist insurgencies in Central America, Asia, and Africa. Sesuai dengan Doktrin Reagan, ia memberi dukungan kepada pemberontakan anti-Komunis di Amerika Tengah, Asia, dan Afrika. Overall, the Reagan years saw a restoration of prosperity, and the goal of peace through strength seemed to be within grasp. Secara keseluruhan, tahun-tahun Reagan melihat pemulihan kesejahteraan, dan tujuan perdamaian melalui kekuatan tampaknya dalam genggaman.